As Limak Logistics, together with our experienced team, we carry out the transportation of all dangerous substances in accordance with the following rules and regulations:
- International Civil Aviation Organization - Montreal - ICAO - TI - Airline
- International Air Transport Association - Geneva - IATA - DGR - Airline
- International Atomic Energy Agency - Vienna - IAEA - Transportation of radioactive substances
Air transportation of dangerous substances in Turkey is carried out on the basis of the Air Transportation Guide (SHT-18) issued by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation of the Ministry of Transport. Dangerous substances are classified by the United Nations Committee of Experts into nine classes.
Class 1.1: Massive and sudden explosive substances
They contain explosive substances that can cause a mass explosion. It affects almost all cargos at the moment of an explosion
Class 1.2: Substances that emit particles but do not explode en masse
They consist of explosives that have at risk of parting but will not cause a mass explosion.
Class 1.3: Flammable Explosives
They consist of explosives that are flammable, have low explosion intensity, and have a small risk of parting, but will not cause a mass explosion.
Class 1.4: Less harmful explosives
They contain explosives, which have a risk of slight explosion, of which effect will not exceed the package, not cause an explosion and fire far away.
Class 1.5: Explosives that are difficult to explode but can explode in bulk
They consist of explosives that can explode in mass, but are very difficult to explode, and have a very low sensitivity.
Class 1.6: Substances, which are difficult to explode and do not have a danger of mass explosion
They contain explosives that are very difficult to explode, have a very low sensitivity and at the same time are not explosive in mass.
Class 2: Gases
Class 2.1: Combustible gases
Class 2.2: Combustible and non-toxic gases
Class 2.3: Toxic gases
Class 3: Flammable liquids
Class 4: Combustible solids
Class 4.1: Combustible solids
Combustible solids that burn as they are. These substances can ignite by friction and burn speeds exceed 2.2 mm (0.087 inch) per second.
Class 4.2: Self-igniting solids
Spontaneously combustible substances are "pyrophoric" substances. These are substances that ignite in the fifth minute of contact with air, or heat up when they get in contact with air without the need for additional energy.
Class 4.3: Substances, which become dangerous in case of contact with water
These substances burn or spread toxic substances when in contact with water. The danger is to emit more than 1 liter of gas per hour for 1 kg of substance.
Class 5: Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides
Class 5.1: Oxidizing substances
Such substances are substances that release oxygen and cause or accelerate burning of other substances.
Class 5.2: Organic peroxides
Organic peroxides (Class 5.2) are substances that contain oxygen in the form of O-O.
Class 6: Toxic and microbial substances
Class 6.1: Toxic substances
Substances known to be harmful to humans are classified as toxic during transportation. In addition, substances found to be toxic in animal tests are considered dangerous to humans too and are included into this category.
Class 6.2: Microbial substances
These include substances, which have an infectious disease content, which are known or suspected to be carrier of a pathogen.
Class 7: Radioactive substances
These include substances with a label of Yellow RADIOACTIVE III (LSA-III). Although this label is not used for some radioactive materials, a radioactivity banner should be used.
Class 8: Corrosive substances
These include substances that have an abrasive, thickening effect on human skin when in contact for a certain period of time.
Class 9: Other dangerous substances
Other Hazardous Substances
This class includes substances that pose a danger during transportation but do not comply with any of the specified classes.